来源： 新萄京娱乐手机版 编辑：wsb 发布时间：2018-11-13 访问量：743
Collins Dictionary says we’re hearing a lot more of “single-use.”
The adjective applied to disposable plastic products has been named the dictionary’s 2018 word of the year. Collins says use of the term has risen fourfold since 2013, as pollution climbs the political agenda.
The term refers to products that are often made of plastic and have been made to use just once, only to be thrown away after, rendering them unsustainable and harmful to the planet.
Collins’s lexicographers said the word “single-use” is now being used more than ever before in light of universal efforts to combat the threats such plastics pose to the environment, with the European parliament recently supporting a ban on products such as straws, cotton swabs and disposable plates.
“Images of plastic adrift in the most distant oceans, such as straws, bottles and bags, have led to a global campaign to reduce their use,” said a spokesperson for the dictionary.
Other entries on the dictionary’s list of new and notable words include “backstop” — a legal guarantee about the Irish border after Brexit — and “gammon,” a derogatory British term for an angry pink-faced person sometimes used against supporters of leaving the European Union.
“MeToo” also makes the list released Wednesday. The dictionary says the campaign against sexual harassment and abuse has become part of the language in phrases such as “the MeToo era” and “MeToo moment.”
The movement was started in 2006 by activist Tarana Burke, but it went viral in October 2017 after allegations of sexual assault emerged against Harvey Weinstein.
A system that will come into effect if no other arrangement is made (noun)
A dance in which people twist their hips in one direction while swinging their arms in the opposite direction with the fists closed (noun)
A person, typically male, middle-aged, and white, with reactionary views, especially one who supports the withdrawal of Britain from the European Union (noun)
To attempt to manipulate (a person) by continually presenting them with false information until they doubt their sanity (verb)
Denoting a cultural movement that seeks to expose and eradicate predatory sexual behavior, especially in the workplace (adjective)
A recreational activity, originating in Sweden, that combines jogging with picking up litter (noun)
Made to be used once only (adjective)
Abbreviation for video assistant referee
Video assistant referee（视频助理裁判）的缩写
VAR gained popularity in 2018 as it was "used for the first time during this year's FIFA World Cup."
A person who refrains from using any animal product whatever for food, clothing, or any other purpose (noun)
To cast a white actor in the role of (a character from a minority ethnic group) or to produce (a film or play) using white actors to play characters from a minority ethnic group (verb)